«Rien n'est plus facile que de dénoncer un malfaiteur; rien n'est plus difficile que de le comprendre» ---Fédor Dostoïevski

dimanche 21 septembre 2008

39 Principes du Jihad

Grâce à un article polémique (voir paragraphe ci-après) de la Jamestown Foundation, j'ai découvert ce site fort utile: WorldAnalysis.net, qui propose des traductions en anglais de toutes sortes de documents jihadistes (manuels, déclarations, fatwas, etc.). Contrairement à d'autres sites, ce forum est gratuit et a encore une relativement faible audience, mais qui devrait s'accroître sans doute.

L'article est polémique, selon moi, car il dérive d'une certaine tradition dans le domaine du contre-terrorisme à se féliciter lorsque "l'ennemi" décrit une certaine organisation, ce qui reviendrait à en reconnaître la valeur. Dans ce cas-ci, la Jamestown Foundation se félicite d'être citée sur les forums jihadistes, comme le Counterterrorism Blog s'était enorgueuilli il y a quelques mois d'avoir été menacé par al-Qaïda. Personnellement, je ne vois pas l'utilité de ces articles...si ce n'est que j'ai découvert ce nouveau forum...

Je recopie ci-après un article publié sur un site jihadiste et traduit en anglais, constituant les "39 principes du jihad". On notera avec intérêt que les numéros 4 à 11, démontrent que le financement du terrorisme est bel et bien associé au jihad, et ce alors qu'une Cour américaine est en train de juger plusieurs hommes accusés de financer le Hamas pour des attentats suicides, et que, au Danemark, plusieurs individus ont été condamnés pour financer les FARC en Colombie et des terroristes palestiniens. Malheureusement, le financement du terrorisme est trop souvent considéré de manière totalement séparée du terrorisme lui-même. S'il va de soi qu'un virement n'est pas un attentat, il est impératif de se rendre compte que le financement du terrorisme fait partie intégrante de la stratégie globale de contre-terrorisme qu'il est nécessaire mettre en place.

Pour lire les "39 principes", cliquez sur le lien ci-dessous.

1. Preparing and urging the mind for Jihad - Every Muslim must obey the call for the Jihad against the infidels out of sheer belief and intention.

2. Sincere desire to attain martyrdom - Al-Salem, basing his arguments on Sheik Abdallah Azzam (the spiritual leader of Osama Bin Laden, killed in Afghanistan in 1989), emphasizes the importance of the sincere endeavor in order to attain martyrdom from Allah. The believer can perform the commandment concerning the "preparation to the battle" (I'dad Al-'oda) and gain a reward from Allah equivalent to the Saheed's reward (72 virgins and secure a close place near the Divine presence in Heaven) even though he may die from natural causes.

3. Taking part in the Jihad - Every Muslim has to take an active role in holy war against the infidels, prepared to self sacrifice for the sake of Allah. Participation in Jihad is the most distinguished action in the eyes of Allah.

4. Financing Jihad - Muslims can take part in the Jihad by making donations dedicated to the Jihad and the Mujahideen. The donation's value is determined by its quality and destination and not by the sum total which is donated.

5. Supplying the fighters' needs - A believer who is unable to take part in the Jihad (for instance women and handicapped) can perform his duty by supplying the Mujahideens' needs in money and equipment. By doing so the donator is considered Mujahid and deserves the same reward.

6. Taking care of the Mujahid's family - A believer who supplies a Mujahid's family needs is considered Mujahid and deserves half of his reward. If one neglects this act it may bring him misfortune and death by the hands of God.

7. Assisting the fallens' families - by supplying the special needs of the orphans and widows.

8. Assisting the families of prisoners and wounded fighters - by supplying their necessities.

9. Fund raising for the Mujahideen - money is the lifeline of the Jihad. Its importance also stems from gathering donations which would arouse the spirit of Jihad in the believers' hearts. There are many ways of carrying out this duty: in mosques, public places, family gatherings, charity events, monthly donation or by urging the wealthy to open their hands to the Mujahideen.

10. Granting charity donations to the Mujahideens - who enjoy priority status in Islam.

11. Financing medical treatment for wounded Mujahideen.

12. Praising the Mujahideen and their deeds - It is essential to educate the Islamic Nation on their values and to see them as a role model.

13. Encouraging the Mujahideen to stick to their ways - in order to strengthen their spirit and moral.

14. Protecting the Mujahideen -avoid publishing any information that may place them in jeopardy or spoil the spirit of Jihad. Al-Salem warns his readers from the Arabic daily Al-Sharq Al-Awsat (Saudi orientated, published in London) which conducts the "crusader - Jewish scheme" against Islam by publishing false information designed to destroy the steadfastness of the Islamic Nation and the Mujahideens' spirit.

15. Publicizing the disgrace of hypocrites and defeatists - who strive to weaken the Islamic Nation.

16. Preaching to Jihad - Enormous reward is promised to every Muslim who serves as a catalyst for other believers to commit the duty of the Jihad.

17. Providing strategic advice to the Mujahideen - This can be translated in many ways including the supply of essential information on the enemy and his plans in order to be well prepared.

18. Keeping secrecy concerning the Mujahideen.

19. Prayers to Allah for the sake of the Mujahideen and for the defeat of the enemies.

20. Holding special prayer to avoid misfortune and to strengthen the Muslim community.

21. Publishing the Mujahideens' activities in order to arouse the notion of solidarity and strengthen pride and hope among the believers, to praise the ideal of self sacrifice for the sake of Allah and to break the media siege imposed by the enemy. There are varied ways recommended for distributing information praising Jihad including Internet websites and forums, distribution lists, circulating publications in public places (for instance mosques, schools), sending SMS, etc.

22. Participating in publishing process of books on the Mujahideen.

23. Publishing Islamic laws supporting the Jihad - This mission falls on the shoulders of the Muslim scholars who have the duty to guide the Islamic Nation in the light of the Jihad and to call believers to join the Mujahideen and pray on their behalf. Their followers are demanded to urge the scholars to act. In this context, Al-Salem glorifies the role of Sheik Hamoud Al-Oqala Al-Shu'aybi (radical Saudi scholar, deceased 2 years ago, backed the Taliban regime and al-Qaeda) as an adorable scholar who thrived to strengthen the Jihadi organizations worldwide by publishing Islamic laws justifying terror suicide attacks and holy war against the infidels.

24. Keeping steady, consistent contact with scholars and preachers in order to update them about the current happenings in connection with the Mujahideen. The believer is asked to assist Islamic scholars who on certain occasion are under government pressure or influenced by false information. He has to update them regularly with reliable information, to support them and urge them to persist with the call to Jihad.

25. Physical practicing - A Muslim who designates himself to become a Mujaheed has to start gradually by improving his physical fitness. Al-Salem elaborates in his book a recommended practicing program which includes enhancing the endurance of both the heart and lungs, increasing muscle mass and strength.

26. Acquiring shooting skills - Al-Salem calls on Muslims not to be satisfied solely with the tuition of Jihad but to prepare in performing in this duty by acquiring shooting skills.

27. Practicing swimming and riding horses - riding horses, explains Al-Salem is still relevant in the battlefields of Afghanistan, Chechnya and Iraq.

28. Learning first aid skills - to help wounded Mujahudeen (splicing broken bones, providing infusions, etc.).

29. Learning the doctrine of Jihad - Al-Salem recommends dozens of books, articles and Islamic laws published in recent years by Muslim radical leaders and scholars most of them Saudis by origin (Osama Bin Laden, Hamoud Al-Oqala Al-Shuaibi, Abd Aziz Jarbou', Yusouf Al-'ayyiri, Naser Al-Fahed, Ali Al-Khudier, Suliman Al-Olwan and more). One of them is the Al-Khudier's Islamic law which justifies the use of weapons of mass destruction against the U.S.

30. Supplying refuge and shelter to the Mujahideen.

31. Expressing hostility and hatred toward infidels - A call for reconciliation or co-existence with the infidels might weaken the Mujahudeen. One may call for a Hudna, but to place it in practice is forbidden.

32. Constant action to achieve the release of all prisoners - held in enemy jails and to use all means for their escape or release.

33. Distributing current information on the prisoners in order to keep their high moral.

34. Performing electronic Jihad - Al-Salem attributes paramount importance to the Internet as a component for Jihad. He calls believers to join the Jihad by participating in Internet forums to defend the Islam and Mujahideen, to preach Jihad and to encourage Muslims to learn more about this sacred duty. The Internet provides an opportunity to reach vast, target audiences and respond swiftly to false allegations. Computer experts are asked to use their skills and experience in destroying American, Jewish and secular websites as well as morally corrupt web sites.

35. Alienation of infidels - Believers in other religions have to be isolated from Muslim communities so they will be prevented from committing hostile actions.

36. Educating the younger generation to adore Jihad and the Mujahideen - The children, asserts Al-Salem are the "fuel" of the next stage of confrontation with the infidels. Parents have the duty to educate them to adore Jihad and the Mujahideen and to prepare themselves mentally for self-sacrifice for the sake of Allah. Al-Salem recommends believers to tell their young stories about the life of Prophet Mohammad, his associates, the great Muslim conquerors and the Mujahideen in our time. In addition it is recommended to display to the children Jihadi films and taped preaches which praise martyrdom.

37. Abandoning the luxuries of materialism - which might weaken the spirit of Jihad.

38. Boycotting enemy's commodities - as part of the economic Jihad.

39. Avoiding the employment of foreign workers - from enemy countries.

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